All eyes are on the negotiations at COP21, the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, in Paris. President Obama’s opening remarks and the recent announcement by Bill Gates and other private investors of a new fund for new green technology could be seen as encouraging signs. But do policy-makers now have the courage to realise that to truly transform economies in a green direction the state must actively tilt the playing field?
We cannot rely on the private sector to bring about the kind of radical reshaping of the economy that is required. As Bill Gates recently acknowledged, only the state can provide the kind of patient finance required to make a decisive shift. In this, the hoped for green revolution must learn the lessons of the IT revolution: it will require not only massive more